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Secrétariat aux affaires autochtones

Innu (Montagnais)

The Innu nation, which has close to 16,000 members, is one of the most populous aboriginal nations of Québec, ranking in second place. Seven of the nine Innu villages are located on the Côte-Nord, while the others are located in Lac-Saint-Jean and near Schefferville. Innu is spoken by the majority of the members of this nation in their day-to-day life, with French being their second language.

The Innu communities are very different from one another, whether in terms of their geographical location and their size or their socioeconomic development. The main economic activities include stores, businesses, outfitting establishments, as well as activities related to hunting, traditional fishing and commercial fishing (salmon rivers). The Innu and the gouvernement du Québec have spared no efforts to improve the socioeconomic situation of the communities.

Several organizations, such as the Institut culturel et éducatif montagnais, the Shaputuan Museum and the Native Museum of Mashteuiatsh are working to ensure the development and dissemination of the Innu culture. What is more, all of the Innu communities have a community radio station linked to the network of the Société de communication Atikamekw – Montagnais (SOCAM).

Comprehensive territorial negotiations

Since 1980, the Mamuitun Tribal Council and the Mamu Pakatatau Mamit Assembly have been engaged in comprehensive territorial negotiations with the governments of Québec and Canada with a view to obtaining for their nation the recognition of aboriginal and territorial rights as well as the right to self-government. An important step was taken in 2004 with the signing of the memorandum of understanding between the two governments and the Innu of Mamuitun, a memorandum which the community of Nutashkuan subsequently adhered to. Since then, the discussions for the conclusion of a treaty have been continuing with the Mamuitun Tribal Council.

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Secrétariat aux affaires autochtones
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Last update: May 19, 2009
Online as of: November 11, 2004